Species: Rosa dumalis
Common names: glaucous dog-rose Swedish name: nyponros, törnros
The genus Rosa consists of about 200 species distributed from subtropical to cool temperate areas. I think most of you are familiar with the beautiful flowers often used as ornamental plants. They have a long history of being cultivated and hybridised. But there are also many wild forms growing in nature contributing to wildlife and foraging.
Rosa dumalis is a species of rose native to Europe and southwest Asia. It grows wild in Sweden and can be found in glades, forest edges, pastures and along roads. The epithet dumalis means shape like a bush and describes its way of growth. It is seldom used as an ornamental plant but it produces one of the best rose hips. Rose hips are common to the Rosa spp. and are false fruits or pseudocarps. Rosa dumalis is often mistaken for Rosa canina which is a rose used in gardens, for example in hedges. Rosa gallica is another species often used in perfume and beauty products.
The rose hips of Rosa dumalis is very rich in vitamin C and is widely used in cooking. The rosehips are dried and pitted to be stored for later. Or if to be used fresh boiled softly and mashed before adding them to the meal. Other uses for rose hips are tea, flour, herbal treatments.
Description: Rosa dumalis has an erect and robust growth. It has rough, bent thorns which are blue-green, smooth or slightly hairy. It blooms in summer (in Sweden June-July), the flowers got dark or pale pink petals and a yellow center. The sepals are upright and remains during the season. The rose hips are smooth, oval and quite soft. Rosa dumalis is shifting in appearance between individuals.
How to grow: Since it is not cultivated there are no general advice how to grow it. But looking at its natural habitat gives us a glimpse. It prefers full sun or partial shade. A well-drained but moist soil. It requires low maintenance and is quite modest in its needs. Pruning may be done in spring. Cut a few twigs to the ground to make the bush more airy and encourage new growth. I do not recommend to use this species in a garden bed but rather in a wildlife patch.
Recipe – Rose Hip Soup
Rose hip soup is one of my favorites and have been that since I was a kid. You can buy it at the grocery store but I prefer it homemade. It is made of rose hips, water, sugar and potato flour. The soup can be eaten cold or warm. It can be served with small almond biscuits, sliced bananas, splinted almonds, whipped cream or vanilla ice-cream.
- 5 dl dried rose hips
- 1,5 liter water
- 1,3 dl sugar (or other sweetener of your choice)
- 1,5 tbsp potato flour
- 1 cinnamon cane (optionally)
How to make:
- Soak the dried rose hips in the water over night or for a couple of hours
- Blend the rose hips with a mixer
- Put the mixed rose hips (with the water) in a saucepan
- Add the cinnamon cane (optionally)
- Let it boil on medium heath for about 3 hours. Stir every now and then
- Measure the rose hip soup and add 1,5 dl sugar to every 1,5 liter
- Mix 3-4 tbsp potato flour with 0,5 dl of water until it is solved. Add the mix to the soup.
- Heath the soup while stirring
- When it starts to boil it is ready
- Serve the soup or let it cool
You can use 7 dl fresh rose hips instead of the dried ones but then you have to prepare them before making the soup.
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